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Sending the wrong message to the rest of the world

By Robert Campbell, FAIA

Forty thousand people die every year in auto accidents in the United States — 400,000 every decade. Far, far more than have died from terrorism in this country. But we do not respond by withdrawing the right to drive. It’s an analogy that occurs to me whenever I see the latest field of bollards or other barriers in front of a government building, or enter a corporate lobby that’s been privatized by security guards. Because of the threat of terrorism, we are slowly withdrawing the right of free civic movement and assembly. Safety is important, of course. But how does a society locate the balance point between security and freedom? And who makes that determination for the rest of us? These are thoughts I’ve harbored since a recent visit to the new American Embassy in Berlin, which opened in July on a site near the Brandenburg Gate.

The American government and its security experts turned a potentially great building into a merely acceptable one. (I don’t go so far as a writer for one German newspaper, who called it “an average state government building from New Jersey.”) I admire Santa Monica architects Moore Ruble Yudell for hanging on to as much of the quality as they did. But to most people, including me, the embassy looks like a lonely fortress, withdrawn from the city behind wide swaths of what I can only call no-man’s-land, which isolate it like a noxious germ on a microscope slide. Sometimes the strip of no-man’s-land is filled with a hideous forest of black bollards; at other times, it’s hidden behind a fence of fierce, tall steel palings.

All those bollards and barriers are described as necessary for security. But in fact they’re dealing with only a single threat: car bombs. There are, obviously, other kinds of terrorism: biological; electronic (in which the enemy disables computer systems and records); or even, in the worst case, nuclear. When you lock the door against one kind of terrorism, another one may open. I’m not an expert in security, but I’d guess that the most useful antiterrorist weapons don’t require the defacing of architecture. These are, surely, intelligence, surveillance, and redundancy.

One obvious alternative is to forget about being a nationalist emblem and build, instead, a fortified embassy somewhere on the urban fringe, where it can be safe. The U.S. government has, in fact, built dozens of such embassies in recent years, seldom with the help of a distinguished architect. Here, though, the message is once again clear: We’re running away and hiding; we do not wish to socialize with the locals; and we care nothing for sustainability.

I would speculate that it is just possible that the safer you try to make an embassy, the more dangerous it will be. I’m reminded of that paradox as it was defined by architectural sociologists in the case of elementary schools back in the 1970s. Kids were vandalizing schools, so administrators responded, for a time, by erecting nearly windowless buildings that looked like forts. Studies showed that vandalism went up, not down. The visibly fortified school was especially appealing as a challenge to the vandal. The visibly fortified embassy is, maybe, a similar target to the terrorist.

So what’s the answer? One possibility is to abandon the emblematic embassy. Embassy functions could be dissociated and scattered here and there more or less invisibly through a city, connected by information technology. So far as I could find out at our Berlin conference, there is no research to prove that workers are safer in a defended emblematic embassy than they would be in such a dispersed world. And the concept of the emblematic American embassy, after all, is less than a century old. It arose in the wake of nationalism in the early 20th century. Before that, diplomatic functions were centered in the ambassador’s residence, with no showy billboard presence of an embassy building.

It’s just a thought. But it does seem better than offering to the world, in a major public setting, a message of fear and loathing. (668KB)


(U//FOUO) This assessment focuses on the potential for terrorists to use fire as a weapon in attacks against transportation modes and reviews historical use of this tactic overseas. Improvised incendiary devices (IIDs) can be extremely dangerous in the confines of transit systems. Fire accelerated by a flammable material could provide terrorists an alternative attack scenario when faced with transportation security restrictions that typically focus on explosives or other weapons. While fires are routinely associated with lone arsonists or unintentional incidents, this paper speculates on the advantages of IIDs as a potential tool for terrorists.

Date: Tue, 28 Oct 2008 06:57:12 -0500 (CDT)
From: Office of the Director of National Intelligence <>
Subject: ODNI News Release: ODNI Releases Budget Figure for National Intelligence Program

DNI Releases Budget Figure for 2008 National Intelligence Program

Consistent with Section 601 of the "Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007," Public Law 110-53, the Director of National Intelligence is disclosing to the public the aggregate amount of funds appropriated by Congress to the National Intelligence Program (NIP) for fiscal year 2008 not later than 30 days after the end of the fiscal year.

The aggregate amount appropriated to the NIP for fiscal year 2008 was $47.5 Billion.

Any and all subsidiary information concerning the intelligence budget, whether the information concerns particular intelligence agencies or particular intelligence programs, will not be disclosed.  Beyond the disclosure of the top-line figure, there will be no other disclosures of currently classified budget information because such disclosures could harm national security.  The only exceptions to the foregoing are for unclassified appropriations, primarily for the Community Management Account.

# # #

Towards a New Blast Zone: Washington D.C.’s Next-Generation Hunting Forest

Deborah Natsios

In the aftermath of September 11, the clandestine national security periphery is infiltrating the broader civilian milieu. Counterintelligence is cited as a critical federal resource for site planning and facilities design. With the goal of safeguarding the core’s high-value targets, aggressive protocols are being deployed to manage potential threats cloaked beneath chaotic suburban landscapes. Perimeter security accoutrements of bollards, barbed wire, blast-resistant and tinted glazing, buffer zones, closed-circuit cameras and confrontational signage are external clues of more covert technologies being deployed to discipline the civilian milieu. Like royal hunting forests, sprawl’s diffuse formations are to be disciplined by the capital’s emerging technologies of political control.


kafb-sandia.htm       Kirtland AFB Sandia Lab Experimental Work        October 29, 2008
sec102908.htm         Redemption of The Reserve Fund Halted Secretly   October 29, 2008
dhs102908.htm         Secure Handling of Ammonium Nitrate Program      October 29, 2008
fdic102908.htm        FDIC Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program       October 29, 2008
va102908.htm          Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Evidence Eased     October 29, 2008

tsa-fire-iid.pdf      TSA Terrorist Weaponization of Fire FOUO         October 28, 2008 (668KB)
fbi-ct-lexicon.pdf    FBI Counterterrorism Analytical Lexicon FOUO     October 28, 2008 (450KB)
raytheon-iis.pdf      Raytheon Intelligence and Information Systems    October 28, 2008 (1.3MB)
hc-natsec.htm         House of Commons Evidence on National Security   October 28, 2008
dni102808.htm         Spymaster Releases 2008 Budget for US Spying     October 28, 2008

cia-phones.htm        CIA Ghost Phones                                 October 28, 2008
tsa102808.htm         TSA Secure Flight Program Final Rule             October 28, 2008
usmc-snipers.htm      Marine Corps Snipers Guard Marathon              October 27, 2008
dhs102708.htm         RFC Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards   October 27, 2008
bis102708.htm         Chemical Weapons Convention Impact on Biz        October 27, 2008

ftc102708.htm         RFC Reed Elsevier-ChoicePoint Consent Agreement  October 27, 2008
nara102708.htm        NARA Opens Nixon Tapes                           October 27, 2008
ferc102708.htm        Standards of Conduct for Transmission Providers  October 27, 2008
occ102708.htm         Freddie and Fannie Bailout Risk-based Capital    October 27, 2008
frs102708.htm         Capital Adequacy Guidelines                      October 27, 2008

uscg102708.htm        Coast Guard Sets Prez Inaugural Security Zones   October 27, 2008      INSCOM Command Brief                             October 26, 2008 (34 slides, 7.9MB)
dodm-3020-45-v1.pdf   Defense Critical Infrastructure Program CAIP     October 25, 2008
dodi-3020-46.pdf      Militarily Critical Technologies List (MCTL)     October 25, 2008
dodd-5132-03.pdf      DoD Policy Relating to Security Cooperation      October 25, 2008

nnsa-ost.htm          NNSA Office of Secure Transportation             October 25, 2008
nrc102408.htm         Protection of WMD Safeguards Information         October 24, 2008
mms102408.htm         Outer Continental Shelf Protraction Diagrams     October 24, 2008
hud102408.htm         Housing Acessibility Design-Construction Stds    October 24, 2008
frs102408.htm         Home Mortgage Disclosure Rule Revised            October 24, 2008

dos102408.htm         North Korea Removed from US Enemies List         October 24, 2008
verizon-spy2.htm      Verizon Secret Spying Facilities Eyeball 2       October 23, 2008
dos102308.htm         State Dept Lists 13 Enemies                      October 23, 2008
uspto102308.htm       Patent Office Use of Public Key Infrastructure   October 23, 2008
ded102308.htm         Student Loan Program Revised for Vets Others     October 23, 2008

aphis102308.htm       Animal Disaster Contingency Plans                October 23, 2008
dod102308.htm         Threat Reduction Panel Secret Meet               October 23, 2008
palin-search.htm      US Search Wants Palin Material Removed           Ocotber 22, 2008
bis102208.htm         EAR Exception for Intra-Company Transfer         October 22, 2008
istac102208.htm       Infosys Export Panel Open and Closed Meet        October 22, 2008

frs102208.htm         Bailout Capital Adequacy Guidelines              October 22, 2008
gsa-assault.htm       GSA Vigilante Assaults Photographer              October 21, 2008
virilio-crisis.htm    Paul Virilio on the Current Financial Crisis     October 20, 2008
dol102008.htm         Protecting the Privacy of Workers                October 20, 2008
treas102008.htm       Treasury Sets TARP Bailout Executive Pay Limits  October 20, 2008

verizon-spy.htm       Verizon Secret Spying Facilities Eyeball         October 19, 2008
nsa-nbp.htm           NSA National Business Park Eyeball               October 18, 2008
manchu-chip.htm       And Now the Manchurian Microchip                 October 18, 2008
bsl4-eyeball.htm      BSL-4 Laboratories Eyeball                       October 17, 2008
hhs101708.htm         Five Declarations of Public Health Emergencies   October 17, 2008

dni101708.htm         Spymaster Sets Legal Proceedings Rules           October 17, 2008
nist101708.htm        FIPS 180-3 Secure Hash Standard Approved         October 17, 2008
doe101708.htm         Global Nuclear Energy Partnership EIS            October 17, 2008
sec101708.htm         Naked Short Selling Antifraud Rule               October 17, 2008
frs101708.htm         Federal Reserve Decreases Primary Credit Rate    October 17, 2008

fdic101708.htm        FDIC Temporary Increase in Deposit Insurance     October 17, 2008
fhfa101708.htm        Affordable Housing Program Amendments            October 17, 2008
ferc101708.htm        NYC Files for Hydroelectric Facilities           October 17, 2008        Perimeter Security of Five BSL-4 Laboratories    October 16, 2008
grsoc-eyeball.htm     NSA/CSS Georgia Eyeball                          October 16, 2008

cdc101608.htm         Bio-Terror Agents and Toxins Hold Use Transfer   October 16, 2008
aphis101608.htm       Bio-Terror Agents and Toxins List Update         October 16, 2008
dmac101608.htm        Treasury Debt Management Panel Secret Meet       October 16, 2008
treas101608.htm       RFC Repayment of TARP Bailout                    October 16, 2008
fdic101608.htm        FDIC Restoration Plan and Assessments            October 16, 2008

ncs101608.htm         National Security Telecomms Secret Meet          October 16, 2008
epa101508.htm         Yucca Mountain Threat Reduced from 10,000 Years  October 15, 2008
secnav1640-02-1.pdf   Use of Restraint Equipment Within Naval Brigs    October 14, 2008
oni4900-96h.pdf       United States Military Group, Colombia           October 14, 2008
bio-agents.pdf        Biological Agents and Toxins List                October 14, 2008

bio-sec.pdf           Biological Agents Security Information           October 14, 2008
bio-loss.pdf          Biological Agents Theft Loss Release             October 14, 2008        Biosafety in Microbio and Biomedical Labs        October 14, 2008 (2.4MB)
nsf101408.htm         RFI National Cybersecurity Leap Year             October 14, 2008
eo13476.htm           Facilitation of a Presidential Transition        October 14, 2008

nhtsa101408.htm       Motor Vehicle Theft Data 2006                    October 14, 2008
bis101408.htm         Export Wassenaar Arrangement Plenary Agreements  October 14, 2008
isoo101408.htm        Public Interest Declassification Board Meet      October 14, 2008
siddiqui-010.htm      Aifa Siddiqui Condition in Prison                October 13, 2008
dodd-3115-09.pdf      DoD Intel Interrogations and Detainee Debriefs   October 11, 2008

dodi-5200-01.pdf      DoD Information Security and Protection of SCI   October 11, 2008
dodd-5160-05e.pdf     DoD Chemical and Biological Defense Program      October 11, 2008
dodi-1330-17.pdf      Armed Services Commissary Operations             October 11, 2008
eo13475.htm           Prez Orders FISA Domestic Spying Amendments      October 10, 2008
doi101008.htm         Gambling Addiction Electronic Technology         October 10, 2008

irs101008.htm         RFC Genetic Information Nondiscrimination        October 10, 2008
noaa101008.htm        Ship Speed Limit to Avoid Whale Kill             October 10, 2008
mmc101008.htm         Criteria for Foreign Bribery                     October 10, 2008
hhs101008.htm         CHIMP Act Standards of Care for Chimpanzees      October 10, 2008
palin-files.htm       Governor Palin Correspondence Files              October 9, 2008

ayers-vita.doc        Bill Ayers Curriculum Vitae                      October 9, 2008
fdic-snl.htm          FDIC Biblio of the Savings and Loan Scandal      October 9, 2008
ntia100908.htm        Enhancing the Security and Stability of DNS      October 9, 2008
osha100908.htm        Hazards of Cranes and Derricks in Construction   October 9, 2008
frs100908.htm         Reserve Requirements of Depository Institutions  October 9, 2008

kernell-palin.htm     David Kernell Indicted for Palin E-Mail Hack     October 8, 2008
pip-v-gwot.htm        Protecting Individual Privacy Against GWOT ES    October 8, 2008
osa-panic.htm         Official Secrets Act Panic                       October 8, 2008
ied-dvd.htm           IED Preparedness DVD                             October 8, 2008
pm100308.htm          US Spymaster Succession Order                    October 8, 2008

sec100808.htm         SEC Modifies Short Selling Ban                   October 8, 2008
va100808.htm          Grants for Homeless Veterans Housing             October 8, 2008
nps100808.htm         National Atheist Shopping Tree Meet              October 8, 2008
telehubs.htm          Telehouse Europe and US Equinix Hubs Eyeball     October 7, 2008
hope100608.htm        HOPE for Homeowners Program Regulations Update   October 7, 2008

fra100708.htm         Cellphones-E-toys Banned for Railroad Operators  October 7, 2008
hts-madness.htm       US Army Human Terrain System Madness Mayhem Cash October 6, 2008
fbi-ny-comms.htm      FBI New York Communications Eyeball              October 6, 2008
gchq-suck.htm         GCHQ Head Suck Eyeball                           October 6, 2008
hhs100608.htm         Anthrax Countermeasures Emergency Preparedness   October 6, 2008

co100608.htm          DMCA Exemption for Access Control Systems        October 6, 2008
bis100608.htm         Export Regulations Revised Based On CCL Review   October 6, 2008
ciau-bomb.htm         CIA University Eyeball                           October 4, 2008
dtm-08-041.pdf        DoD Register of Defense Provisions to Iraq       October 4, 2008
fbi-home-ops.pdf      AG Guidelines for FBI Domestic Operations        October 3, 2008 (2.1MB)

bis100308.htm         Encryption Export Simplification                 October 3, 2008
dod100308.htm         Megadeath Command and Control Secret Meet        October 3, 2008
cryptome-secret.htm   Cryptome: Abuse of Secrecy                       October 3, 2008
murray-threat.htm     Craig Murray Libel Threat Update                 October 2, 2008
bailout-senate.htm    Senate Emergency Economic Stabilization Act 2008 October 2, 2008 (600KB)

bailout-dupes.htm     Senate Bailout Bill for Dupes                    October 1, 2008
bailout-senate.pdf    Senate Emergency Economic Stabilization Act 2008 October 1, 2008 (442pp, 714KB)
bailout-ttv.htm       Emergency Economic Stabilization Text Talk Vote  October 1, 2008
nbsb100108.htm        National Biodefense Science Board Tele-Meet      October 1, 2008
pp8295.htm            Prez Touts National Animal Kill and Maim Day     October 1, 2008

O f f s i t e

Bad Msg               USG Sending the wrong message about architecture October 29, 20078
QC Quest              NSA and Army Seek Quantum Physics Grail          October 29, 2008
NSA Patent 1          Estimating a high frequency carrier signal       October 29, 2008

NSA Patent 2          Fabricating a patterned device with spacer layer October 29, 2008
MI5-6 Lamb            Daniel James - MI5 MI6 Sacrificial Lamb          October 28, 2008
Bomb Bags             DC Metro Transit Cops to Inspect Bags for Bombs  October 27, 2008
EAS 1                 Emergency Alert System Establishment             October 27, 2008 (114pp, 13MB)
EAS 2                 Emergency Alert System Handbooks                 October 27, 2008

EAS 3                 Emergency Alert System Enforcement               October 27, 2008
Grim                  Appalling Treatment of Muslim Detainees in UK    October 25, 2008
DJ Fit                Daniel James Fitness for OSA Trial Questioned    October 25, 2008
OST                   DoE/NNSA Office of Secure Transportation         October 24, 2008 (PPT, 2.9MB)
OST Rigs              OST Armored Nuclear Transport Rigs               October 24, 2008

HP Spy                Hot Plug Live Computer Spying                    October 23, 2008
Cyberatlas            Atlas of Cyberspace Available for Free           October 22, 2008
Chagos Lose           Chagos Islanders Lose on UK-US Diego Garcia Base October 22, 2008
GAO-08-1009R          Social Security Numbers Are Widely Available     October 21, 2008
GAO-08-1004sp         Public Records Contain Social Security Numbers   October 21, 2008

Taliban               UK New Mock-up of Taliban Fighting Village       October 19, 2008
Palin Files           Governor Palin Correspondence                    October 19, 2008
NBZ                   A New Blast Zone: DC’s Next-Gen Hunting Forest   October 19, 2008
100 Years             Investment Banking Panic of 1907                 October 18, 2008
EH                    What is Electronic Harassment?                   October 18, 2008

Key Eat               Court Rejects Encryption Key Disclosure Defense  October 18, 2008
BP                    Radiation Shielding with Buckypaper              October 18, 2008
0810.2859             Quantum Asymmetric Crypto with Symmetric Keys    October 17, 2008
CIA CFP               CIA and US Foreign Policy: New Ways to Spy       October 17, 2008
A-Bomb 1              The incredible atom bomb conspiracy 1            October 16, 2008
A-Bomb 2              The incredible atom bomb conspiracy 2            October 16, 2008
FCMD                  Federal Contractor Misconduct Database           October 15, 2008
JCC                   Jesus Camp: Radical Children Indoctrination      October 15, 2008
Spy Jobs              ASIC Needs Spycatchers                           October 15, 2008
Haider                Why Austria's Jörg Haider Was Assassinated       October 13, 2008

I-Tor                 Improving Tor Using a TCP-over-DTLS Tunnel       October 12, 2008
Wi-Fi                 Graphics Cards Used to Hack Wi-Fi WPA and WPA2   October 11, 2008
WBCS                  World Bank Cyber Seige                           October 11, 2008
ST                    DoD STAR-TIDES                                   October 10, 2008
PIP                   Protecting Individual Privacy Against GWOT       October 8, 2008 

IS09                  Information Systems 2009                         October 8, 2008
M or L                China Melamine Scare                             October 7, 2006 
NSA                   NSA Tokeneer                                     October 7, 2008
MIFARE                Security Flaw in MIFARE Classic New Papers       October 7, 2008
UK TIA                UK Plans Total Information Suck                  October 6, 2008

Boy Toy               NATO War Games                                   October 6, 2008
IQCH 1                Loophole Attack Against Quantum Cryptosystems    October 5, 2008
IQCH 2                Implementation of Quantum Crypto Hacked          October 5, 2008
VMQCH                 Vadim Makarov Quantum Hacker                     October 5, 2008
QCH                   Quantum Hacking                                  October 5, 2008

Spy Bribe             CIA Crook Kyle Foggo Documents                   October 4, 2008
Toxic                 Mystery surrounds hijacked Iranian ship          October 4, 2008
NSA Patent            Combining Corpora for Phonetic Labeling          October 3, 2008
SNRF                  Secrecy News RSS Feed                            October 1, 2008
CIA 21                CIA Releases 21 Documents Under FOIA             October 1, 2008

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October 29, 2008

Marine 1st Lt. Trevor J. Yurista, 32, of Pleasant Valley, N.Y., died Oct. 27 while supporting combat operations in Helmand province, Afghanistan. He was assigned to 5th Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division, I Marine Expeditionary Force, Camp Pendleton, Calif.

October 28, 2008

Two soldiers died Oct. 27 in Baghlan, Afghanistan, of wounds suffered when a suicide bomber detonated explosives as they were preparing to enter a building:

Sgt. Nicholas A. Casey, 22, of Canton, Ohio, who was assigned to the 3rd Battalion, 7th Special Forces Group (Airborne), Fort Bragg, N.C.

Sgt. Kevin D. Grieco, 35, of Bartlett, Ill., who was assigned to the 2nd Battalion, 122nd Field Artillery, Illinois Army National Guard, Sycamore, Ill.

October 26, 2008

Soldier Pfc. Cody J. Eggleston, 21, of Eugene, Ore., died Oct. 24 at the National in Bethesda, Maryland, of wounds suffered on October 16 in Baqubah, Iraq, when he received indirect fire.  He was assigned to the 1st Battalion, 5th Infantry Regiment, 1st Brigade Combat Team, 25th Infantry Division, Fort Wainwright, Alaska.

October 24, 2008

Airman Staff Sgt. Brian P. Hause, 29, of Stoystown, Pa., died Oct. 23 of non-combat related medical causes at Balad Air Base, Iraq. He was assigned to the 20th Equipment Maintenance Squadron, Shaw Air Force Base, S.C.

Marine Cpl. Adrian Robles, 21, of Scottsbluff, Neb., died Oct. 22 while supporting combat operations in Helmand province, Afghanistan. He was assigned to 2nd Battalion, 7th Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division, I Marine Expeditionary Force, Twentynine Palms, Calif.

Marine Lance Cpl. San Sim, 23, of Santa Ana, Calif., died Oct. 22 while supporting combat operations in Helmand province, Afghanistan. He was assigned to 1st Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division, I Marine Expeditionary Force, Twentynine Palms, Calif.

Soldier Spc. Deon L. Taylor, 30, of Bronx, N.Y., died Oct. 22 in Bela Beluk, Afghanistan, of wounds suffered when his vehicle encountered an improvised explosive device. He was assigned to the 27th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, New York Army National Guard, Syracuse, N.Y.

October 23, 2008

Marine Lance Cpl. Stacy A. Dryden, 22, of North Canton, Ohio, died Oct. 19 from injuries sustained in a non-hostile incident in Anbar province, Iraq. She was assigned to 1st Supply Battalion, 1st Marine Logistics Group, Camp Pendleton, Calif.

October 21, 2008

Soldier Pfc. Heath K. Pickard, 21, of Palestine, Texas, died Oct. 16 in Balad, Iraq, of wounds suffered when he received indirect fire in Baquaba, Iraq. He was assigned to the 1st Battalion, 5th Infantry Regiment, 1st Brigade Combat Team, 25th Infantry Division, Fort Wainwright, Alaska.

Soldier Capt. Robert D. Lindenau, 39, of Camano Island, Wash., died Oct. 20 in Charbagh, Afghanistan, of wounds suffered when a rocket-propelled grenade struck his vehicle. He was assigned to the 91st Civil Affairs Battalion, 95th Civil Affairs Brigade (Airborne), Fort Bragg, N.C.

Soldier Spc. Justin A. Saint, 22, of Albertville, Ala., died Oct. 15 in Baghdad, Iraq, of injuries sustained in a non-combat related incident. He was assigned to the Special Troops Battalion, XVIII Airborne Corps, Fort Bragg, N.C.

October 20, 2008

Soldier Sgt. Federico G. Borjas, 33, of San Diego, Calif., died Oct. 16 in Bermel District Center, Afghanistan, of wounds suffered from small arms fire during a dismounted patrol. He was assigned to 416th Civil Affairs Battalion, 351st Civil Affairs Command, San Diego, Calif.

October 17, 2008

Soldier Sgt. John M. Penich, 25, of Beach Park, Ill., died Oct. 16 in Karangol Village, Afghanistan, of wounds suffered from indirect fire. He was assigned to the 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division, Fort Hood, Texas.

October 16, 2008

Three soldiers died Oct. 14 in Qazi Bandeh, Afghanistan, of wounds suffered when their vehicle encountered an improvised explosive device:

Spc. Cory J. Bertrand, 18, of Center, Texas

Spc. Stephen R. Fortunato, 25, of Danvers, Mass.

Sgt. Preston R. Medley, 23, of Baker, Fla.

They were assigned to the 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division, Fort Hood, Texas

Soldier Pfc. Christopher A. McCraw, 23, of Columbia, Miss., died Oct. 14 in Baghdad, Iraq, of wounds suffered when he encountered small arms fire while on dismounted patrol in Nasar Wa Salam. He was assigned to the 1st Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade, 25th Infantry Division, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii.

October 15, 2008

Soldier Pfc. Scott G. Dimond, 39, of Franklin, N.H., died Oct. 13 in Kandahar, Afghanistan, of wounds suffered when his vehicle struck an IED and his patrol was engaged in a small arms fire attack. He was assigned to the 3rd Battalion, 172nd Infantry Regiment (Mountain), New Hampshire Army National Guard, Milford, N.H.

Soldier Sgt. Michael K. Clark, 24, of Sacramento, Calif., died Oct. 7 in Mosul, Iraq, of wounds suffered when he encountered small arms fire while on dismounted patrol. He was assigned to the 1st Battalion, 8th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division, Fort Carson, Colo.

October 14, 2008

Soldier Spc. Geoffrey G. Johnson, 28, of Lubbock, Texas, died on Oct. 12 of injuries sustained from a non-combat related incident in Baghdad, Iraq.  He was assigned to Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Division Special Troops Battalion, 4th Infantry Division, Fort Hood, Texas.

Soldier Cpl. Reuben M. Fernandez III, 22, of Abilene, Texas, died on Oct. 11 of wounds sustained when his vehicle struck an improvised explosive device in Majar Al Kabir, Iraq. He was assigned to the 2nd Squadron, 7th Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, Fort Hood, Texas.

October 10, 2008

Marine Cpl. Jason A. Karella, 20, of Anchorage, Alaska, died Oct. 9 while supporting combat operations in Farah province, Afghanistan. He was assigned to the 2nd Battalion, 7th Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division, I Marine Expeditionary Force, Twentynine Palms, Calif.

October 7, 2008

Marine Col. Michael R. Stahlman, 45, of Chevy Chase, Md., died Oct. 5 from injuries sustained in a July 31 non-hostile incident in Anbar province, Iraq. He was assigned to Headquarters Battalion, Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center, Twentynine Palms, Calif.

October 6, 2008

Soldier Sgt. William P. Rudd, 27, of Madisonville, Ky., died Oct. 5 of wounds suffered from enemy small arms fire while on a combat patrol in Mosul, Iraq. He was assigned to the 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, Fort Benning, Ga.

Soldier Spc. Jason E. von Zerneck, 33, of Charlotte, N.C., died on Oct. 2 of injuries sustained from a vehicle incident in Qara Bagh Karez, Afghanistan. He was assigned to the 2d Squadron, 101st Cavalry Regiment, New York Army National Guard, Jamestown, N.Y.

Soldier Pfc. Tavarus D. Setzler, 23, of Jacksonville, Fla., died Oct. 2 of wounds sustained when his vehicle struck an improvised explosive device in Majar al Kabir, Iraq. He was assigned to the 2d Squadron, 7th Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division, Fort Hood, Texas.

October 3, 2008

Soldier Pfc. Christopher A. Bartkiewicz, 25, of Dunfermline, Ill., died Sept. 30 in Baghdad, Iraq, of wounds sustained when insurgents attacked his dismounted patrol using small arms fire. He was assigned to the 2nd Battalion, 6th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division, Baumholder, Germany.

October 1, 2008

Three soldiers died Sept. 29 in Yakhchal, Afghanistan, from wounds suffered when their vehicle encountered an improvised explosive device during mounted operations. They were assigned to the 1st Battalion, 7th Special Forces Group, Fort Bragg, N.C.:

Capt. Richard G. Cliff Jr., 29, of Mount Pleasant, S.C.

Sgt. 1st Class Jamie S. Nicholas, 32, of Maysel, W.Va.

Sgt. 1st Class Gary J. Vasquez, 33, of Round Lake, Ill. 

Soldier Pfc. Christopher T. Fox, 21, of Memphis, Tenn., died Sept. 29 in Adhamiyah, Iraq, of wounds suffered when he encountered small arms fire while on patrol. He was assigned to the 1st Battalion, 68th Armor Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division, Fort Carson, Colo.

Military Casualties
Iraq Civilian Dead
Wounded Care
War Contracts